In the ancient world polytheism which is the belief in many gods has played a major part in the natural and spiritual views of the people. Soon Monotheism will take over as the primary belief. Monotheism affected the people’s values and helped to develop equality and fairness between the people of that time.

Monotheism is the belief in only one god.  Many religions in today’s society have adopted monotheism as their primary religion. Christianity is the most common religion in America that stands for having only one ultimate ruler of the world. A covenant was made between the Hebrew people and god. Under the covenant god constructed laws in order to develop a moral concept for the people, to ensure a stable environment, and to set rules for how people should act towards one another.  These laws are also known as “The Ten Commandments”. These laws were very effective because each person was punished equally if he or she disobeyed any of the commandments.

Monotheism has been around for many years and continues to help shape the religions of the world. Some religions do not agree with having rules or a covenant in their lifestyles. Others believe that it is necessary to ensure peace and order. Even though we as Americans did not start monotheism there are many similarities between the religion practices of the people in the ancient world and the people of the modern world. It is important to give credit where credit is due and appreciate the people of that time for helping to shape the world as we know it today.

Given Judaism’s commitment to exclusive monotheism, it becomes clear why the Christian confession of Jesus as Lord required, right from the start, a wrestling with, and reconstruction of, the notion of divinity. Creator/creature marks an absolute distinction. There are no degrees of divinity, no semi-divine beings or intermediaries. There is only the Creator, the one God of Israel whom Jesus addresses as Father, and the world of beings that he has freely brought into existence and over which he exercises his sovereign rule. Assuming faithfulness to exclusive monotheism, the Church was thus faced with the problem: which side of the divide do we locate Jesus of Nazareth? And if we include Jesus within the identity of the one God, how do we avoid the assertion of two Gods?

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